Explanation

Present Simple Positive


subject + verb “be” + rest of sentence
subject + verb + rest of sentence

The Form (with the verb “be”)
  • I am a sales person.
  • you are here.
  • he is Spanish.
  • she is well.
  • it is a hot day.
  • we are happy.
  • you are here.(the plural you)
  • they are meeting.
  • I’m a sales person
  • you’re here / You here.
  • he’s Spanish.
  • she’s well.
  • it’s a hot day.
  • we’re happy.
  • you’re here.
  • they’re meeting.

The contracted form is used a lot when people are speaking. it is used when writing to friends and people we know, but it is not normally used in formal situations, like in formal letters and reports.

Here are some examples

  • I am late for work
  • You are twenty-eight years old
  • He‘s Spanish
  • We‘re always late for work.
  • It is late.
  • John is the new head of department.
  • They‘re here.
The Form (for other verbs)
  • I work
  • you work
  • he works
  • she works
  • it works
  • we work
  • you work
  • they work

The he/she/it conjugations are different in regular verbs. Usually, an “s” is added to the end of the verb to show that it is the third person singular. Learners often miss this and do not pronounce the “s” in third person singular conjugations.

Here are some examples

  • I work for an Investment bank.
  • You go to the office once a week.
  • She meets with HR every week.
  • We invoice the client at the end of the month.
  • Sarah checks everything she does
  • They work in a different office.
Form (with the verb “have”)

“Have” is an irregular verb, so the spelling in the present simple is different. Here are the conjugations:

  • I have
  • You have
  • He/she/it has
  • We have
  • you have
  • they have

“Has” is used for the third person singular not “haves”

Spelling with “-s” and “-es

We talked before that for the third person singular, we normally add an “s” to the end of the verb. For example I work, you work, he works. But some words have a different spelling because of the way the verb ends. If it ends with “-o, x, -z, -ch, ss, or -sh” we add “es” to the end of the verb in the third person singular.

  • I go to work = He goes to work.
  • I finish at 7pm = She finishes at 7pm.
  • I teach English = He teaches English.
  • I cross the road = She crosses the road.
  • I fix photocopiers = He fixes photocopiers.
  • Their phones buzz all day = Their phone buzzes all day.

Practice Here

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